People with diabetes must take responsibility for their day-to-day care, and keep blood glucose levels from going too low or too high. People with diabetes should see a health care provider who will monitor their diabetes control and help them learn to manage their diabetes. A diabetes health care team is also recommended. The patient and primary care provider are leaders of the team. Other members of the team might include endocrinologists, who may specialize in diabetes care; ophthalmologists for eye examinations; podiatrists for routine foot care; and dietitians and diabetes educators
who teach the skills needed for daily diabetes management.
Type 1 diabetes
- Healthy eating, physical activity, and insulin injections are the basic therapies for type 1 diabetes. The amount of insulin taken must be balanced with food intake and daily activities. Blood glucose levels must be closely monitored through frequent blood glucose testing.
Type 2 diabetes
- Healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose testing are the basic therapies for type 2 diabetes. In addition, many people with type 2 diabetes require oral medication, insulin, or both to control their blood glucose levels.
Treatment Goals for the ABCs of Diabetes
A1C <7% for patients in general**
Blood pressure (mmHg) Systolic / Diastolic
< 130 / < 80
Cholesterol – Lipid Profile (mg/dl)
LDL Cholesterol < 100
HDL Cholesterol Men > 40 Women > 50
Triglycerides < 150
**Individualize target levels. Talk with your doctor for specific recommendations for you.